When it comes to colonization, African countries have had quite a share of that experience
It was a period that left permanent scars and wounds in some people. States had to go an extra mile to break off from the chains of foreign rule. Fortunately, victory was acquired, and many now enjoy the fruit of their struggle for independence.
Egypt, one of the sophisticated countries in Africa, is among the many countries in the Africa continent that felt the painful and rough grip of colonization. This article is going to take you back to history, a brief visit of colonialism in Egypt up to the time Egypt got their independence.
Egypt Under The Rule Of Ottoman
After the devastating defeat of the Egyptian military to the Ottoman Turks back in 1517, Egypt became one of Ottoman’s provinces. However, the ruling was short-lived when the British overthrew the Turks. Egypt was a weak territory, which had been attacked by, different calamities like plagues. These calamities made the country vulnerable to invasions.
In 1798, after Egypt had enjoyed a period of autonomy, the French tried to invade the country. However, they are defeated by the British in 1805, leaving a power vacuum in the region.
Later, Mohamed Pasha grabbed the opportunity and ruled Egypt.
Egypt Under Mohamed Pasha
Pasha’s rule extended until 1952. In the period of 1820 and 1841, Pasha had succeeded in parts of Arabia, Northern Sudan and Syria. He was later returned the rule to the Ottomans after some pressure from the Europeans.
In 1869, the construction of the Suez Canal was completed. It was one of the several expensive projects in Egypt. In turn, this left the country in a state of debt by the European bankers. The debt situation reached its peak. Ali grandson and successor Ismail sold their shares of the Suez Canal to the Europeans.
Moreover, taxes in the region rose, a way of raising enough money to cub the enormous debt.